and Preventing Plagiarism
Students must understand that work
that originates from other sources may be used if it is properly
acknowledged and referenced. An instructor who assigns a paper to
be submitted for assessment can reinforce this idea by providing
guidelines for referencing. Students might also be referred to A
Guide to Good Referencing Skills, which includes a brief section
on avoiding plagiarism.
For example, to implement the second suggestion
for an assigned paper, require students to find several sources
(in print or on the web) that deal with the topic, identify the
sources, and analyze or contrast their approaches. This encourages
students to do useful research, not look for something to copy,
and rewards them for proper referencing. It also requires them to
demonstrate analytical and critical thinking in their analysis.
This kind of tasks makes it much harder to find
tailor-made solutions on the web. When plagiarism is just as difficult
as doing original work, students are less likely to consider it.
Turnitin is an originality checking and anti-plagiarism software
that is globally used by millions of students and faculty. It
helps instructors check students' work for improper citation
or potential plagiarism. HKUST has subscribed to the service
of Turnitin and instructors can find more details about Turnitin
by joining regular workshops organized by the Center for Education and Innovation.